Endometriosis, it is a disease in which tissue (endometrium) will grow outside of the uterus instead of growing inside the womb. We can find the endometrium tissue outside of uterus, area between rectum and vagina, abdomen of the ovaries, and the pelvic cavity in a women who have this disease. Endometriosis cause painful periods and infertility. Many women have Endometriosis without any symptoms or mild symptoms in this case it is difficult to diagnose. The misplaced tissue grows outside but it will not leads to cancer.
There is only one way to diagnose the endometriosis that is known as laparoscopy which is a minor surgery. Gynecologists identify the misplaced endometrium using a thin scope by putting it on patient’s abdomen. After identifying he can take the right treatment to the patient.
The biggest complication for women with endometriosis is infertility so the chances of getting pregnant is very low.
The treatment offered for endometriosis are medication, surgery to remove the misplaced tissue and hormone therapy for slow growth of tissue. Hormonal birth control pills are the first step of treatment for women who are not trying to become pregnant. Treatment for women who are trying to get pregnant involves gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonis, which helps to stops the ovulation according to women’s health.
This treatment is usually recommended for only six months at a time, then pregnancy is possible once treatment is stopped. Most of the women’s will get a relief from pain after the surgical treatments but the pain may come back within two years. If the symptoms coming back after surgical procedures a hysterectomy or total removal of uterus may be needed.